The Appian Way was completed around 312 BC, linking Rome to the port
city of Brundisium (Brindisi). It played a fundamental role in helping
expanding the Roman hegemony which was then in its early stages and
also set the engineering standards which would be applied to most of
the roads subsequently built. A road was typically surfaced with stone
paving blocks, had a drainage ditch on each side and were built upon
a foundation of laid rock which was constructed from a large ditch.