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Chapter 3 - Transportation Modes
Transportation modes are an essential component of transport systems
since they are the means by which mobility is supported. Geographers
consider a wide range of modes that may be grouped into three broad
categories based on the medium they exploit: land, water and air. Each
mode has its own requirements and features, and is adapted to serve
the specific demands of freight and passenger traffic. This gives rise
to marked differences in the ways the modes are deployed and utilized
in different parts of the world. More recently, there is a trend towards
integrating the modes through intermodality and linking the modes ever
more closely into production and distribution activities. At the same
time, however, passenger and freight activity is becoming increasingly
separated across most modes.
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